CLEVELAND, Ohio – Serious sunburns and tanning are on the rise, a new survey finds, and structures surrounding breast tumors in overweight and obese patients could make the tumors harder to treat, a new study suggests.
Cleveland.com is rounding up some of the most notable local and national health news making headlines online. Here’s what you need to know for Tuesday, May 31.
Tanning, sunburns on the rise, survey finds
A new survey of more than 1,000 U.S. adults by the American Academy of Dermatology found a sharp rise in tanning and the number of serious sunburns last year, as compared to 2020.
Tanning is a health risk. About 1 in 5 Americans will develop skin cancer in their lifetime, and 197,700 new cases of melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, are expected to be diagnosed in the United States this year, according to the American Academy of Dermatology.
Here are ways to protect your skin from the sun:
Stay in the shade, especially between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. when the sun’s rays are strongest.
Wear sun-protective clothing, such as a lightweight long-sleeved shirt and pants, a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses with UV protection. Clothes with an ultraviolet protection factor (UPF) on the label provide more protection.
Apply a broad-spectrum, water-resistant sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher to all exposed skin. Broad-spectrum sunscreen provides protection from both UVA and UVB rays.
‘Crown-like structures’ around breast tumors could hinder cancer therapy
“Crown-like structures” surrounding breast tumors in overweight and obese patients could make the tumors harder to treat, new research from the University of Southampton suggests.
These new findings have the potential to improve personalized treatment for patients with certain types of breast cancer.
High body mass index (BMI) is associated with an increased risk of developing breast cancer. Overweight patients with breast cancer also have worse survival rates than patients with healthy body weight.
In patients with a high BMI, increased body fat surrounding the breast can cause inflammatory immune cells, called macrophages, to gather in the breast’s fat tissue. These macrophages can then form “crown-like structures” surrounding these fat cells, researchers said. This inflammatory environment in the breast can lead to the onset and growth of tumors.
Study results were recently published in the journal Scientific Reports.
More investigation is needed to learn how these crown-like structures affect breast cancer progression and respond to cancer treatment.
Cleveland Clinic collecting, donating unused cancer drugs
Unused oral cancer drugs are being collected and distributed to cancer patients who need financial help, under the Cleveland Clinic Cancer Center’s new drug repository program. The goal is to reduce financial barriers to care, the Clinic said in a statement.
The drug repository program provides free donated prescriptions to Clinic patients who are Ohio residents and meet eligibility standards, the Clinic said.
Drugs that treat cancer, its complications and side effects of treatment are eligible for the program. Donated drugs typically come from patients who have changed prescriptions, stopped treatment or died.
Outpatient pharmacies in Cleveland Clinic Cancer Center locations in Taussig Cancer Center on the Clinic main campus in Cleveland, as well as Mansfield and Sandusky, will accept cancer medication donations during normal business hours. Potential donors must complete a form that details donor information and drug eligibility.
People interested in the program can contact one of the participating Cleveland Clinic Cancer Center pharmacies: Cleveland, 216-445-2124; Mansfield, 419-774-3121; and Sandusky, 419-609-2845.
More than 50,000 American deaths prevented if air pollution eliminated, study suggests
More than 50,000 premature U.S. deaths would be prevented annually with the elimination of fine particle air pollution from the burning of fossil fuels, a new study suggests.
Curbing this source of pollution would also save more than $600 billion a year in health care costs from illness and death, the study noted.
Fine particle air pollution is produced by vehicles, power generation and industry through the burning of oil, natural gas and coal.
“Our work provides a sense of the scale of the air quality health benefits that could accompany deep decarbonization of the U.S. energy system,” said lead author Nick Mailloux, a graduate student in the Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. The study was published this month in the journal GeoHealth.
The researchers used a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency model to assess the health benefits of eliminating emissions of fine particulate matter, as well as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides.
These compounds have been linked to lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and other health problems.